Thursday, April 2014
Last Updated : 15-09-2012
History & Introduction of Gilgit-Baltistan
History & Introduction of Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan edges Azad Kashmir towards the southwest, the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa towards the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan towards the northwest, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China towards the north and northeast and also the Indian-given condition of Jammu and Kashmir towards the southeast.

Rock art and petro glyphs

You will find a lot more than 50,000 bits of rock art (petro glyphs) and inscriptions all across the Karakoram Highway in Gilgit-Baltistan, concentrated at ten major sites between Hunza and Shatial. The designs and carvings were left by various intruders, traders, and pilgrims who passed across the trade route, in addition to by local people. The first go as far back to between 5000 and 1000 BCE, showing single creatures, triangular males and hunting moments where the creatures are bigger compared to predators. These designs and carvings were pecked in to the rock with stone tools and therefore are engrossed in a thick patina that proves how old they are. The ethnologist Karl Jettmar has pieced together a brief history from the area from various inscriptions and recorded his findings in Rock Designs and carvings and Inscriptions within the Northern Regions of Pakistan and also the later launched Between Gandhara and also the Silk Streets - Rock Designs and carvings Across the Karakoram Highway. A number of these designs and carvings and inscriptions is going to be inundated and/or destroyed once the planned Basha-Diamir dam is made and also the Karakoram Highway increased.

British Raj

Prior to the independence of Pakistan and also the partition asia in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh extended his rule to Gilgit and Baltistan. The Gilgit agency was leased through the Maharaja to British Government. Baltistan would be a western district of Ladakh province that was annexed by Pakistan in 1948. Following the partition, Jammu and Kashmir, in the whole, continued to be a completely independent condition.

Pakistani independence

From 1947 to 1970, Gilgit-Baltistan was given included in Azad Kashmir. In 1963, Pakistan ceded part of Hunza-Gilgit known as Raskam and also the Shaksgam Valley of Baltistan region towards the China pending settlement from the dispute over Kashmir. This ceded area is also called the Trans-Karakoram Tract. The Pakistani areas of Kashmir towards the north and west from the cease-fire line established in the finish from the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, or even the Type of Control because it later found be known as, were split into the Northern Areas (72,971 km²) within the north and also the Pakistani condition of Azad Kashmir (13,297 km²) within the south. The title "Northern Areas" was initially utilized by to consult the northern regions of Kashmir.

Gilgit-Baltistan, that was most lately referred to as Northern Areas, presently includes seven districts, includes a population approaching a million, comes with an section of roughly 28,000 square miles (73,000 km2), and shares edges with Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, and India. Based on the Pakistani newspaper Daily Occasions, the folks of Gilgit-Baltistan were liberated in the Dogra regime using the Pakistani military on 1 November 1947. The newspaper further states that although the region was independent for under per month, they particularly asked for the assistance of the Pakistani government because of deficiencies in administrative infrastructure, and was thus integrated into Pakistan upon the request of local citizens.

The neighborhood Northern Light Infantry may be the military unit which was thought to possess aided and perhaps took part in the 1999 Kargil conflict. A lot more than 500 soldiers were thought to possess been wiped out and hidden within the Northern Areas for the reason that action.[4] Lalak Jan, an Shia Imami Ismaili Muslim(Nizari) soldier from Yasin Valley, was granted Pakistan's most exclusive medal, the Nishan-e-Haider, for his courageous actions throughout the Kargil conflict.

Autonomous status and offer-day Gilgit-Baltistan

On 29 August 2009, the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order, 2009, was went by the Pakistani cabinet and then signed through the Leader of Pakistan. An order granted self-rule to folks from the former Northern Areas, now re-named Gilgit-Baltistan, by creating, amongst other things, an chosen legislative set up. There's been critique and opposition for this relocate Pakistan, India, and Gilgit-Baltistan.

Gilgit-Baltistan United Movement-while rejecting the brand new package-required that the independent and autonomous legislative set up for Gilgit-Baltistan ought to be created with installing local authoritative government according to the UNCIP resolutions, in which the people of Gilgit-Baltistan will elect their leader and also the pm.

At the beginning of September 2009, Pakistan signed a contract using the Individuals Republic of China for any mega energy project in Gilgit-Baltistan including the making of a 7,000-megawatt dam at Bunji within the Astore District.[8] This led to protest from India, although Indian concerns were immediately declined by Pakistan, which stated the Government India doesn't have locus standing within the matter.

On 29 September 2009, the Pakistani Pm, while addressing an enormous gathering in Gilgit-Baltistan, introduced a multi-billion rupee development package targeted in the socio-economic beneficial of individuals in the region. Development projects include areas of education, health, agriculture, tourism and also the fundamental needs of existence.

Geography

Primary article: Geography of Gilgit-Baltistan

K2 as seen from Concordia

Satpara Lake, Skardu, in 2002

Gilgit-Baltistan edges the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan towards the northwest, China's Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang towards the northeast, the Indian condition of Jammu and Kashmir towards the south and southeast, the Pakistani-controlled condition of Azad Jammu and Kashmir towards the south, and Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province towards the west.

Gilgi-Baltistan hosts five from the "eight-thousand" and also to a lot more than fifty peaks above 7000 meters. Gilgit and Skardu would be the two primary modems for expeditions to individual’s mountain tops. The location hosts a few of the world's greatest mountain ranges-the primary ranges would be the Karakoram and also the western Himalayas. The Pamir mountain tops will be to its northern border, and also the Hindu Kush lies towards the west. Among the greatest mountain tops are K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) and Nanga Parbat, the second being probably the most feared mountain tops on the planet.

Three from the world's longest glaciers outdoors the Polar Regions are located in Gilgit-Baltistan: the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier, and also the Batura Glacier. You will find, additionally, several high-altitude ponds in Gilgit-Baltistan:

  • Sheosar Lake in Deosai Flatlands, Astore region
  • Satpara Tso Lake in Skardu, Baltistan
  • Katzura Tso Lake in Skardu, Baltistan
  • Zharba Tso Lake in Shigar, Baltistan
  • Phoroq Tso Lake in Skardu, Baltistan
  • Bara Tso Lake in Gangche, Baltistan
  • Byarsa Tso Lake in Gultari, Baltistan
  • Borith Lake in Gojal upper Hunza, Gilgit
  • Rama Lake near Astore
  • Hurry Lake near Nagar, Gilgit
  • Kromber Lake at Kromber Pass, Ishkoman Valley, Ghizer District
  • Barodaroksh Lake in Bar valley Nagar

The Deosai Flatlands, are situated over the tree line, and constitute the 2nd-greatest plateau on the planet at 4,115 meters (14,500 ft) after Tibet. The plateau lies east of Astore, south of Skardu and west of Ladakh. The region was declared like a national park in 1993. The Deosai Flatlands cover a place of just about 5,000 square kms. For more than half the entire year (between September and could), Deosai is snow-bound and stop from relaxation of Astore & Baltistan in winters. The village of Deosai lies near to Chilum chokki and it is associated with the Kargil district of Ladakh with an all-weather road.

Rock art and petro glyphs

You will find a lot more than 50,000 bits of rock art and inscriptions all across the Karakoram Highway in Gilgit-Baltistan, concentrated at ten major sites between Hunza and Shatial. The designs and carvings were left by various intruders, traders, and pilgrims who passed across the trade route, in addition to by local people. The first go as far back to between 5000 and 1000 BCE, showing single creatures, triangular males and hunting moments where the creatures are bigger compared to predators. These designs and carvings were pecked in to the rock with stone tools and therefore are engrossed in a thick patina that proves how old they are. The ethnologist Karl Jettmar has pieced together a brief history from the area from various inscriptions and recorded his findings in Rock Designs and carvings and Inscriptions within the Northern Regions of Pakistan and also the later launched Between Gandhara and also the Silk Streets - Rock Designs and carvings Across the Karakoram Highway. A number of these designs and carvings and inscriptions is going to be inundated and / or destroyed once the planned Basha-Diamir dam is made and also the Karakoram Highway increased.

Climate

The weather of Gilgit-Baltistan differs from place to place; surrounding mountain ranges produces sharp versions in weather. The eastern part has got the moist zone from the western Himalayas, but going toward Karakoram and Hindu Kush the weather dries substantially.

You will find cities like Gilgit and Chilas which are hot throughout your day in summer time, yet cold during the night, and valleys like Astore, Khaplu, Yasin, Hunza, and Nagar in which the temps are cold even just in summer time.

Economy and assets

The economy of region is essentially according to traditional route of trade through Silk Road. China Trade organization was the key economic forum by which the majority of barter trade activity designed a phenomenal alternation in the overall economical outlook from the area which to be the remotest region of Pakistan was neglected for more than quarter of century. This forum brought the folks from the area to positively invest and discover the modern trade understand how from the neighbor Xingkiang. The participation from the all ethnic groups and active pressure behind this activity, legendary economist from the area Ashraf Khan introduced an excellent change in the area. Later the establishments of Chamber of commerce and SOst dry port (in Gojal Hunza) are key events. Relaxation from the economy is shouldered by mainly agriculture and tourism. Agriculture for example: wheat, corn (maize), barley, fruits Tourism is mainly in trekking and alpinism which market is 'growing in importance'

At the beginning of September 2009, Pakistan signed a contract using the Individuals Republic of China for any mega energy project in Gilgit-Baltistan including the making of a 7,000-megawatt dam at Bunji within the Astore District.

Sports

Polo may be the favorite game of those of Gilgit, Chilas, Astore, Hunza, Nagar and also the surrounding areas.[citation needed] Each year, many vacationers trip to enjoy polo in Gilgit-Baltistan.[citation needed] Other games for example cricket, Tuksori of Nagar, gulli danda, kabbadi, and volleyball will also be performed.

Transport

Just before 1978, Gilgit-Baltistan was stop from Pakistan and relaxation around the globe because of the tough terrain and the possible lack of accessible streets. All the streets towards the south opened up for the Pakistani-controlled condition of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) and also to the southeast for the present-day Indian-controlled condition of Jammu and Kashmir. Throughout the summer time, people could walk over the mountain passes to go to Rawalpindi. The quickest method to travel, however, was by air, but airline travel was accessible simply to a couple of fortunate residents and also to Pakistani military and civilian authorities. Then, with the help of china government, Pakistan started construction from the Karakoram Highway (KKH) that was carried out 1978. The Karakoram Highway (KKH) connects Islamabad to Gilgit and Skardu, what are two major modems for alpinism expeditions in Gilgit-Baltistan. Your way from Rawalpindi/Islamabad to Gilgit takes roughly 20 to 24 hrs. Landslides around the Karakoram Highway are extremely common. The KKH connects Gilgit to Tashkurgan and Kashgar in China via Sust (the customs and health inspection publish around the Northern Areas side) and also the Khunjerab Pass, the greatest paved worldwide border crossing on the planet at 4,693 meters (15,397 ft).

Northern Areas Transport Corporation (NATCO) offers bus and jeep transport plan to the 2 modems and many other popular locations, ponds, and glaciers in the region.

The Karakoram Highway

In March 2006, the particular government authorities introduced that, starting on June 1, 2006, a 3 times-weekly bus service would begin over the boundary from Gilgit to Kashgar, China, and road widening work would begin on 600 kms from the Karakoram Highway. There'd be also one daily bus in every direction between your Sust and Tashkurgan border areas of these two political organizations.

Pakistan Worldwide Air carriers accustomed to fly a Fokker F27 aircraft daily between Gilgit Airport terminal and Islamabad Airport Terminal. The flying time was roughly 50 minutes, and also the flight was probably the most scenic on the planet, since its route passed over Nanga Parbat, the height which mountain was greater compared to aircraft's cruising altitude. However, the Fokker F27 aircraft was upon the market following a crash at Multan in 2006. Presently, plane tickets are now being operated by PIA to Gilgit around the -new ATR42-500 aircraft that was bought in 2006. Using the new plane, cancellation of plane tickets is a smaller amount frequent. PIA also provides regular plane tickets of the Boeing 737 between Skardu and Islamabad. All plane tickets, however, are susceptible to weather clearance, and, in the winter months, plane tickets are frequently postponed by a number of days.

A railway with the region continues to be suggested, see Khunjerab Railway for particulars.

Census

The populace includes many diverse linguistic, ethnic, and religious groups, due simply towards the many isolated valleys separated by a few of the world's greatest mountain tops. The populace of the area is a combination of many ethnic groups for example Shins, Yashkuns, Kashmiris, Kashgaris, Pathans,and Kohistanis. Ismailism exists here, unlike the relaxation of Pakistan.[21] Urdu may be the lingua franca from the region, understood by the majority of the occupants. The Shina language (with several dialects like Asturjaa, Kharuchaa, chilasi) may be the language of 60% of people, spoken mainly in Gilgit, Astore throughout Diamer, as well as in certain parts of Ghizer. The Balti dialect, a sub-dialect of Ladakhi and area of the Tibetan languages group, is spoken through the entire population of Baltistan. Minor languages spoken in the area include Wakhi, spoken in upper Hunza, as well as in some towns in Ghizer, while Khowar may be the language of Ghizer. Burushaski is definitely an isolated language spoken in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin (where Khowar can also be spoken), in certain areas of Gilgit as well as in some towns of Punyal. Another interesting language is Domaaki, spoken through the music performer clans in the area. A little minority of individuals also speak Pashto.

Gilgit-Baltistan has very couple of loudspeakers of Kashmiri, however loudspeakers of other Dardic languages for example Shina and Khowar can be found in the area. In the last census (1998), the populace of Gilgit and Baltistan was 870,347. Roughly 14% of people was urban

Tourism and transport

Jeeps' are the easiest method to travel in its northern border West Frontier

Gilgit city is among the two major modems for those alpinism expeditions in Gilgit-Baltistan. Just about all vacationers going to treks in Karakoram or Himalaya Ranges get to Gilgit first. Many vacationers choose to go to Gilgit by air, because the road travel between Islamabad and Gilgit, through the Karakoram Highway, takes nearly 14-24 hrs, whereas the airline travel requires a mere 45-50 minutes.

Things You Can Do in Gilgit

Visit north

Imran the trekker States:  Bonjour mon ami,If you are likely to Gilgit-Baltistan, then you will need to allow it to be from Islamabad, Rawalpindi you will find buses and coaches by NATCO, from Pir Wadhai bus station leave for Gilgit and you will find plane tickets from Islamabad airport terminal to Skardu and Gilgit.Ground facts...

Biking in Chitral and north Pakistan

Imran the trekker States:  Hi, Things following the establishment from the new government, in Pakistan, improving and alter within the situation's visible. I’ve done the Jeep safaris and trekking outings, throughout north Pakistan and Chitral, ranging from the south, however i do not have any experience with doing...

Shandoor Polo Festival

explore uncover States:  This Traditional Festival is held each year second week of This summer, Tug of War between your Groups of Gilgit and Chitral and bet on Polo and a lot of other pursuits like folk music and dance from the players in the greatest recreation space of earth (3700  meters above ocean level) around the...

Full Day Trip to Hunza

Explore uncover States:  Best outing from Gilgit Hunza is 100 Kms. Depart morning hours from Gilgit have a slow drive preventing at different places for Photos and short walks. Also visit the memorial of Pakistan army's Mortals who gave their lives for that Karakoram Highway, visit mark in which the...

Naltar Valley

Explore uncover States:  Naltar is most likely probably the most spectacular Activities in Pakistan, for individuals who choose some adventure. The direction to Naltar is fairly but Very dusty before the village of Normal after Normal you drive to the side of mountain tops and also the climb is very steep. In the...

Choose fishing guys

ifam States:  Just a couple of days once i showed up here, my pal request me to follow along with him for this area known as PHANDER VALLEY for fishing. He stated TROUT Seafood can be simply found there and also the taste is nice. So hmm......whenever anybody says about good food, i wana use them therefore we employ a vehicle having a...

See all 8 Things you can do in Gilgit

Hotels

Gilgit Serena Hotel

1 Review and 8 Opinions Here’s a listing of Hotels Gilgit Serena Hotel 4* US$85.00 Reveria Hotel 3* PTDC Motel 2* Cost Around...

See all 1 Hotels in Gilgit Baltistan

Restaurants

Fruit stalls: Fruit stalls

l_joo States:  Many fruit stalls within the town center, many cheap guesthouses, many shops, many silk shops, etc. Many Japanese vacationers too Gilgit is extremely simple for beginners; things are in a single road, simple. There is a cinema here, just one I believe, many people’s standing outdoors to hold back.

Large beard chef: Large beard chef

l_joo States:  Where I eat, the chef is really a large beard, typical Middle Eastern guy, large broad in dimensions. In the beginning I figured he was special but gradually I discovered that chef in Pakistan. I met a chef later who are able to speak Malay, large surprise and that he also seem like this...

See all 5 Restaurants in Gilgit

Transportation

Gilgit-Kasghar daily bus service

Pakistani guy States:  Pakistan & China have began daily serive from GILGIT to Kashgar beginning from today (15h June 2006). Public transit will require 14hrs to achieve another town. It's a significant move as the vacationers don't have to go town by town to be able to mix the Pak-Chinese border at...

Public transit ticket

l_joo States:  Mashabrum bus ticket, we bought check in Mansehra, 430Rs each in the future here in 16 hrs as a whole around the Karakoram Highway together with the Indus River. Breathtaking scenery, just one visit night time, in a restaurant unknown I ate some chapati there and tea, could not...

See all 8 Transportation in Gilgit Baltistan

Shopping

GLOBAL SHOE MART: Footwear... anybody???

ifam States:  This specific shop is really special due to its good items transporting good quality quality leather items and also the cost is oooh soo muchhh reasonable..If you think about opting for some long walk, should think about their joggers collections and when you wana buy for...

Gift U Like Decoration Point: Home Decor's best collection

ifam States:  This shop is nicely decorated, neat and alive, because of so many product ranges and also the owner , Mr Bilal is an extremely warm and nice person. He understands his clients well....and that he can provide good suggestions too. Home decoration products, just like a wall clock, or small vases or even the...

See all 2 shopping in Gilgit

Local Customs

Tying goat part 2

l_joo States:  Picture is really a goat being tied through the our van driver and buddies, I had been standing beside them watching this, it had been the villager’s goat, they most likely wish to carry the goat to a different town to market or what? Anyway, after tying this goat, another goat needs to put underneath our...

Tying the goat

l_joo States:  A specific item here's our small van in Gilgit, this can be a van we're sitting later to Minapin. Three men were really utilizing their strength to tie a goat on the top from the van; they will use rope, string, whatever way possible to tie it there. The goat was tied available online for many hrs and...

See all 2 Local Customs in Gilgit

Alerts or Dangers

Stay Indoor if you will find news on sect. violence

ifam States:  Dear all, please be aware that around any Government keep all happy, you will find many others who're extremist and destroy one another’s relationship. Within Gilgit, 3 primary groups, majority is shia, then sunni and aga khan. Due to some sensitive issues, the shia and sunni...

See all 1 Alerts or Dangers in Gilgit

From The Beaten Path

Some local Gilgitians

l_joo States:  Here you can observe some Pakistanis standing to wait for a meals, i was waiting too. They Pakistanis any the majority of the males are putting on by doing this, change colored from the cloth, these look quite same in my experience.

Four again

l_joo States:  Certainly one of the best collections, this can be a photo of four of these, beautiful fours. Taking snapshots of women within this country is difficult, you'll discover later whenever you come here, and so i will not miss the chance.

See all 20 From the Beaten Path in Gilgit

Sports & Outdoors

Nanga Parbat Increases

l_joo States:  Akhtar told us, to climb the Nanga Parbat, the price of climbing is really a lots of, need a minimum of 15000 USD per person for the tools, plans and enable. But visiting the base camping is average cost, around 300 USD - for three days 4 nights.

See all 1 Sports & Outdoors in Gilgit

Faves

Visit Gilgit, Hunza

Imran the trekker States:  Bonjour from Chitral,To be sure using the publish above, NATCO is the greatest choice to travel on KKH, very convenient buses. The primary hurdle was Atabad lake however it has been converted into a ship safari within the highlands of Hunza and so i hope you'd enjoy that to be able to achieve.

Bonjour from Chitral, this past year, it required some 20 several hours to achieve Gilgit from Rawalpindi; the street is under maintenance in order the direction to Hunza. There's a ship service across Atabad lake so that you can achieve Passu after that.06, This summer, the optimum time to become there, because of very enjoyable

 

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